In general, a server colocation process is an option where small businesses or companies put their servers in support of the rank of another company. This allows customers to share a higher bandwidth that is offered by the hosting provider server.
However, despite the process being cheaper than getting a personal bandwidth, it is more expensive than reliable web hosting. In this process, the customer is required to set up their machines with all their desired requirements.
Image Source: Google
It is then moved to the location of the colocation provider where it is connected to rack suppliers. This connects to a bandwidth provider and thus improves the speed of access to their servers.
Otherwise, the customer can simply rent the provider's server and use it for the storage of content. This is much cheaper than the acquisition of its machines.
The server colocation provider in most cases is usually located on the same site as the client. This helps the customer to access their servers and make necessary recommendations.
The colocation provider then gives the client an IP address that acts as the reference number on their server. Bandwidth is referred to as the customer, and the power supply to power their machines.
Once powered and found to work properly, the customer can then access all the features of their servers, as it can access the Internet. The customer becomes the owner of the hardware on which the Internet and the location are located.