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Operation & Maintenance Problems Of Center Pivot Irrigation

As more centers pivot irrigation methods are being used across the Southeast, the farmers and their advisors should be able to recognize their most frequently occurring maintenance and operational issues to avoid loss of crop yield as well as increased energy costs and achieve maximum operational efficiency and economic returns.

Inability to manage or maintain the irrigation system can cause issues that could result in improper water use and can result in reductions in crop yields, increased usage of energy, plants diseases, and even losses of nitrogen from surface runoff or leaching. You can buy high-quality valley center pivot for good results.

Every center pivot irrigation method revolves around a pivotal point, usually in the middle of the field. It is made up of an integrated series of lateral pipes with varying sizes (90 up to 250 feet) which support ground-based structures known as towers.

Sprinklers that are installed on the main lateral pipeline supply water to the plants as the system moves through the pivotal zone of coverage. Sprinkler heads, as well as nozzles, are different in their type, size, and spacing along the pipeline to meet the requirement for discharge as well as the capability of the pivot.

The spacing and height of the sprinklers are crucial in ensuring uniform application and minimizing the possibility of evaporation, runoff, and drift.

A pump is a device that lifts water from a pond, well, or other water source and generates the design force and rate to bring the liquid to the pivot point, and through the sprinklers that are located along the pipeline.

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