Chilblains can be a common uncomfortable skin ailment which traditionally occurs on the feet, but sometimes arise on the hand, ears and nose. They are more prevalent in cooler environments but are not really due to the cold. Chilblains are because of there being a too rapid warming up of your skin after it has been chilled. As a consequence of demands in the skin surface as the tissues gets warm the blood vessels ordinarily open up while increasing the circulation of blood. In a chilblain most of these blood vessels remain closed for a longer time setting up an inflammatory problem. Gradually the blood vessels do expand to boost the flow of blood. This kind of defective response of the smaller arteries to the alterations in temperature triggers various inflamation related toxins to get produced triggering an itching and also inflammation.
In the beginning they appear as sore reddish areas on the skin which might be itchy. Before long chilblains can become persistent and take on a more dark bluish colour. They can ulcerate and an infection may also occasionally occur in them. The best way to deal with chilblains should be to stop them happening. This often will mean not letting the foot to become cold and if it does get cold, allowing the skin warm up slowly so the small blood vessels have the time to adjust to that difference in temperature. Once a chilblain has developed it must be shielded. Footwear really should not be so small that they increase the pressure on it and padding may need to be employed to protect it. Footwear as well as hosiery that will help preserve heat should be worn as much as possible. There are numerous creams which you can use to take care of this to help stimulate the blood flow and remove some of the waste products which build up. If these types of simple measures tend not to help, next suggestions from a podiatrist, particularly if the sore has broken down, on how to take care of it is well-advised.